Working Draft: Stage 2 – reviewed by a small group of stakeholders and subject matter experts


Vision – Arizona is recognized for leading the nation in integrated, smart transportation systems for all modes with robust and affordable walking, biking, public transit, and alternative mobility options that:

  • Are safe, low-cost, and equitable
  • Keeps the air we breathe clean and reduces greenhouse gas emissions
  • Has strong leadership with a vision to take Arizona to the next level of transportation effectiveness
  • Reduces vehicle miles traveled and emissions by offering stakeholders choices that are easy, accessible, fast, flexible and well connected to essential services
  • Leverages new technologies and is adaptable to technological advancement
  • Promotes economic development and vitality, attracts businesses, and fosters sustainable tourism
  • Supports a vibrant public life and healthy lifestyles by making walking and biking safe and convenient
  • Is designed to be integrated with the built environment to further alternatives to single occupancy vehicles

Resulting in a culture of supporting sustainable transportation infrastructure with stable, long-term funding, and: reduces congestion, carbon emissions, and transportation-related deaths; attains better health and well-being; and improves access to jobs, health care, education and social networks.

Key Issue(s) we need to address:

  1. Lack of safe and convenient alternatives to driving available across all socio-economic tiers
  2. Increasing social acceptance of alternative modes of transportation across all socioeconomic tiers
  3. Inability of state to increase capacity of all transportation modes to respond to future growth
  4. Insolvency of gas tax and lack of other funding options
  5. Insufficient economic and financial incentives for partners to invest sustainable transportation
  6. Reducing transportation emissions to improve air quality and counter climate change
  7. Complexity in balancing competing interests, such as transportation and climate action, affordable living and land use and development
  8. Current planning/zoning practices do not adequately promote shorter trips and sustainable transportation choices

The key issues currently results in:

  1. About 1,000 Transportation-related deaths annually across the state (ADOT Crash Facts, 2019)
  2. Commuters in Phoenix spending an average of 62 hours a year stuck in traffic, costing the region a total of $3.01 billion (Texas A&M Transportation Institute, 2019)
  3. Increased reliance on single-occupancy automobiles as the preferred method of transportation and status, with communities primarily planned around the automobile
  4. Decreased ability for the state to deliver needed maintenance on roads and highways
  5. Increased impacts of climate change to residents
  6. Inability for many Arizonans to access basic services, jobs, education or enjoy the company of friends and family

Transportation 3.0 Goals

Goal Area 1: Mode Split: Achieve the following thresholds for journey-to-work trips:

  • Drive alone maximum: 30%
  • Bike + Walk + Transit minimum: 50%
  • Bike + Walk minimum: 30%
  • Telework minimum: 10%

Goal Area 2: Transportation Affordability

Average total transportation cost is 15% or less of the regional typical household income.

Goal Area 3: Transportation Safety

The number of injuries and fatalities corresponds to the percent share of mode use (i.e. if bike + walk makes up 10% of commuters, the injuries and fatalities experienced by this group should not exceed 10% of all injuries and fatalities).

Goal Area 4: Air Quality and Climate Change

The transportation sector has reduced its carbon emissions by 75% by 2050 (in comparison to the carbon emissions from transportation in 2020).

The transportation sector has reduced criteria air pollutants (carbon monoxide, ground level ozone, particulate matter, and nitrogen dioxide) by 25% by 2050 (in comparison to the criteria pollutants emitted from transportation in 2020).

Demonstrate an annual decrease in vehicle miles traveled measured from a baseline year.

Goal Area 5: Funding

Establish dedicated transportation funding equitably applied across technology and tied to usage to support transportation infrastructure.

Reestablish state funding for public transit.

Establish financial incentives for transportation-friendly land use development.

Goal Area 6: Equity

Distribute transportation investments equitably across the state and for all mode users.

Goal Area 7: Land use and Transportation

Strengthen land use and transportation planning requirements for Cities, COGS and MPOS.

Examples of Potential Actions we could take:

  1. Reestablishing state investment in transit (Goal 1 and 5)
  2. Develop incentives and marketing campaigns to encourage people to try new modes (Goal 1)
  3. Increasing roadway users’ fees and taxes (Goal 2, 5 and 6)
  4. Establish legislation requiring new development to participate in development of sustainable transportation infrastructure not just roadway investment. (Goal 5 and 7)
  5. Support EVs infrastructure through incentive programs, by creating rates that make EVs cost competitive with their traditional fossil fuel powered equivalents (Goal 4)
  6. Leverage advantages of autonomous vehicles and set policies to protect against negative impacts (Goal 3)
  7. Support culture of active transportation (goal 1, 2 and 6)
  8. Invest in light and commuter rail projects (Goal 1, 2, and 6)
  9. Enhance engineering standards and requirements to prioritize the safety of transportations must vulnerable users: pedestrians and bicyclists (Goal 3)

Sources of Funding and rationale to bring this action to fruition:

  1. Investment by private development
  2. State and local taxes and new user fees
  3. Federal investment in surface transportation
  4. Utility rate structures
  5. Increased and indexed gas tax

Potential Partners:

  • Arizona Department of Transportation
  • State Transportation Board
  • Local COGS, MPOs, cities, towns and counties
  • Federal Transit Administration
  • Federal Highway Administration
  • Arizona Transit Association
  • Transit Agencies: Valley Metro, SunTran, Mountain Line, and city transportation departments
  • Arizona Corporation Commission
  • Salt River Project
  • Arizona Public Service
  • Tucson Electric Power
  • Congressional Delegation


City of Flagstaff – Nicole Antonopoulos, Sustainability Manager

City of Phoenix – Mark Hartman, Sustainability Director

Mountain Line – Kate Morley, Deputy General Manager

Pinyon Environmental, Inc. – Lauren Evans, President

Valley Metro – Mackenzie McGuffie, Sustainability Coordinator


Last reviewed, March 2021


Learn more about joining the Roadmap Committee